Prostate cancer is the commonest cancer affecting men in South Africa. It is estimated that 1 in 19 South African men will develop prostate cancer.
Early detection is key
Prostate cancer can be treated. Early detection allows for early treatment.
The PSA test
The PSA test is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer.
PSA (prostate specific antigen) is a protein produced by the the prostate gland, a small gland that sits below the bladder in men.
The test shows the level of PSA in the blood. Increased PSA levels may indicate the presence of prostate cancer - in which case you may need to go for further testing. PSA levels may also be increased in other conditions such as prostate infections or BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia).
Doing a PSA test may help to detect prostate cancer at an early stage before any symptoms (e.g. difficulty starting urination and frequent urination at night, among others) are present.
Prostate cancer screening in 3 steps
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